Video by Dr. Dawn Elise Snipes on integrative behavioral health approaches to improving mental health and reducing mental illness.

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Sociological Approach to Reducing Risk and Building Resilience Instructor: Dr. Dawn-Elise Snipes PhD, LPC-MHSP, LMHC
 Prevention can take the form of:
 Preventing the problem
 Preventing worsening of the problem
 Preventing associated fall out

Socio-Ecological Model
 This model explores and explains human behavior as the interaction between the individual and 5 environmental systems
 The Microsystem
 The Mesosystem
 The Exosystem
 The Macrosystem
 The Chronosystem

Individual Protective Factors
 Positive health/wellness behaviors
 Exercise
 Nutrition and diabetes control
 Sleep
 Bonding to pro-social culture
 Participation in extracurricular activities
 Social competence
 Sense of well-being/self confidence
 Has positive future plans
 Health literacy: Knowledge of risk and protective factors
 Negative attitudes toward substances and substance use

Individual Prevention Strategies
 Prevention strategies are designed to promote attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors that ultimately provide the person with
 Healthy coping skills
 Awareness of positive health behaviors
 Effective interpersonal skills (communication/boundary setting etc.)
 Specific approaches may include education and life skills training.
 Schools
 Media
 Community center/library workshops

Peer and Family Protective Factors
 Close family relationships
 Relationships with peers involved in prosocial activities
 Consistency of parenting
 Education is encouraged. Parents are actively involved
 Copes with stress in a positive way
 Clear expectations and limits
 Supportive relationships with caring adults beyond the immediate family are encouraged
 Share family responsibilities, including chores / decision making
 Family members are nurturing and support each other

Peer and Family Interventions
 Designed to
 Improve self-esteem
 Identify norms, goals and expectations
 Foster problem solving skills
 Develop structure and consistency
 Promote healthy relationships

School Protective Factors
 Positive attitudes toward school
 Regular school attendance
 High academic & behavioral expectations are communicated
 Goal-setting, academic achievement and positive social development are encouraged
 Positive instructional climate
 Leadership and decision making opportunities for students
 Active involvement of students, parents and community members are fostered
 School responsive to students' needs (tutoring, safety, food)

Community Risk Factors
 The characteristics of settings, in which social relationships occur which are associated with developing mood disorders and addictive behaviors, such as:
 Schools
 Workplaces
 Neighborhoods

Community Prevention Strategies
 Prevention strategies at this level are typically designed to impact the social and physical environment by:
 Reducing social isolation
 Improving economic and housing opportunities
 Increasing the accuracy and improving the positivity of media messages

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