Autism spectrum disorders are characterized by difficulty with social communication and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interest, or activities. There is a growing body of evidence that early intensive behavioral intervention based on applied behavior analysis improves cognitive ability, language, and adaptive skills. Medication can be used as adjunctive treatment for maladaptive behaviors and concurrent psychiatric conditions such as ADHD and anxiety, but there is no single medical therapy that is effective for all symptoms of autism spectrum disorder.

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